Are you experiencing low back pain in Wichita? Low back pain is the most common
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The low back consists of the lowest five vertebra (lumbar spine) and a triangular complex of bone called the sacrum. Each of these lumbar vertebral segments are connected by intervertebral discs and two small joints behind it called the facet joints. They are further joined by an extensive network of ligaments that provide stability as well as flexibility. Finally, the outer spinal musculature plays a key role in dynamically controlling the spine.
Low back pain is a very common disorder, and may involve the muscles, bones, and nerves of the low back. Back strain is by far the leading cause of low back pain. Other causes include degenerative changes of the spine (spondylosis), disc herniations, spondylolisthesis, spinal stenosis, and sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Not uncommonly, some individuals with hip problems will experience low back pain. Other non-spine related causes of low back pain include kidney stones, infection, stomach ulcers, abdominal aortic aneurysms, and cancer.
Treatment for low back pain can generally be divided into pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments, nonsurgical interventional treatments, and surgical treatments. Nonpharmacologic treatments include brief rest, ice/heat, electrical stimulation, physical therapy, spinal manipulation, and massage. Pharmacologic treatments include acetaminophen, NSAIDs, muscle relaxants, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and topical medications. Nonsurgical interventions include various spine and musculoskeletal injections. Many of these involve the injection of glucocorticoids, powerful anti-inflammatory agents. Surgical intervention may be considered if conservative care has failed and there is definitive evidence of a mechanical disorder that can be corrected by surgery.
ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY & SPORTS MEDICINE
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